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 Post subject: Persistent dry eye after LASIK
PostPosted: Wed Apr 26, 2006 11:37 am 
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Joined: Sat Nov 26, 2005 1:23 pm
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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2005 Sep;31(9):1741-9.


Lipid tear deficiency in persistent dry eye after laser in situ keratomileusis and treatment results of new eye-warming device.

Di Pascuale MA, Liu TS, Trattler W, Tseng SC.

Ocular Surface Center, Miami, Florida 33173, USA.

PURPOSE: To determine whether lipid tear deficiency is a significant pathogenic factor in persistent dry eyes after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).

SETTING: Ocular Surface Center, Miami, Florida, USA.

METHODS: Thirty-four eyes of 17 patients (mean 46.35 years +/- 11 [SD]) complaining of persistent dryness more than 12 months after LASIK were prospectively studied by symptom scoring and kinetic analysis of tear interference image, tear breakup time, and fluorescein clearance test. Once patients had been clear of inflammation and treated for aqueous tear deficiency, lipid tear deficiency was further confirmed and treated with Eyefeel (Kao, Inc.), an eye-warming device, 4 times daily for 4 weeks.

RESULTS: Sixteen patients were asymptomatic before LASIK but dryness persisted for 41 +/- 19.3 months. Delayed tear clearance was observed in 15 patients (88.2%) and floppy lids in 12 patients (70.5%). Aqueous tear deficiency was reconfirmed in 16 eyes (53.3%). After Eyefeel treatment, there was a subjective improvement of ocular surface diseases index from 60.6 +/- 10.6 to 25.8 +/- 18.5 (P = .0007). Tear breakup time was improved from 2.4 +/- 3.9 seconds to 7.9 +/- 3.6 seconds (P = .004). There was a tear interference pattern change from a vertical lipid tear deficiency to a horizontal normal in 7 eyes. There was a mean lipid spread time improvement from 1.3 +/- 0.4 sec to 0.8 +/- 0.4 sec (P = .001), and there was a mean lipid thickness improvement from 63.5 +/- 23 nm to 79.5 +/- 27 nm (P = .04).

CONCLUSION: Persistent nature of dry eye after LASIK is attributed to in part to delayed tear clearance, undercorrected aqueous tear deficiency, and nonrecognized lipid tear deficiency.

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